Our interdisciplinary research focuses on exploring fundamental relationships between material structures and properties at an atomic level; engineering polymers and carbon-based nanomaterials to improve thermal, electrical and optical properties; translating materials into integrated devices and systems by leveraging advanced manufacturing; and enhancing functionality during manufacturing. Potential applications include electronics, optics, optoelectronics, and thermal energy storage and conversion.
In the design group, our labs conduct research in engineering analysis models and ontologies, finite element analysis models of biological and biomechanical systems, the development of pedagogical tools for supporting engineering education and mechatronics and robotics research focusing on powered exoskeletons and intelligent prosthetics. We use industry standard computer software packages. We also strongly encourage innovative research through our "Partnerships for Innovation Program."
The manufacturing program at the University of Massachusetts Amherst Mechnical Engineering program is centered around the Injection Molding Lab. This lab is involved in numerous research topics involving injection molding. The research work is both numerical and experimental. Typical research area ranges from optimization of injection molding process, minimization of birefringence and residual stress, processing of biodegradable nanocomposite, application of rapid thermal response molding, micro injection molding. Most of the research work is carried out in close coordination with industries in an effort to solve industrial problems.
The Center for e-Design is an NSF supported Industry/University Cooperative Research Center involving a number of high technology companies such as Raytheon, PTC, Vistagy, and ANSYS, as well as several universities, including Virginia Tech, University of Central Florida, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Buffalo, Brigham Young University, and Wayne State University. The mission of the Center is to serve as a nucleus of excellence for the creation and dissemination of a systematic body of knowledge in intelligent e-design and product realization. Research at UMass-Amherst is focused on development of new design paradigms and processes, with particular emphasis on engineering knowledge modeling and development of ontologies to support e-Design.
The Injection molding lab in University of Massachusetts, Amherst is involved in numerous research topics involving injection molding. The research work is both numerical and experimental. Typical research area ranges from optimization of injection molding process, minimization of birefringence and residual stress, processing of biodegradable nanocomposite, application of rapid thermal response molding, micro injection molding. Most of the research work is carried out in close coordination with industries in an effort to solve industrial problems.
Interdisciplinary interface engineering, such as：
Materials processing, the basis of materials engineering, is the relationship among structure, properties, and processing: any one determines the other two. Our research is on the design and control of the processes that lead to the required structure or properties in materials. We use mathematical modeling to identify and quantify the effect of different process parameters on the structure and properties of materials, and measure the thermophysical properties that are used in the models...Read More
In the MRRL our research focuses on developing human-centered robotic technologies for augmenting human gait and balance and exploring physical human-machine interfaces. The 1000 sq. ft. of lab space is dedicated to the fabrication and evaluation of physically interactive mechatronic systems.
Nanomaterials are materials with at least one of their three dimensions limited to nanometer, that is, a scale that quantum effects emerge. Two-dimensional (2D) materials is a class of nanomaterials with outstanding electrical, mechanical, chemical, and bio-transducing properties. Using methods based on chemical vapor deposition, 2D materials can be prepared in large scale (~ m) and high quality with tunable strength, transparency, disorder density, and electron transport properties.
Development of High-Performance 2D-Bio Interface Technologies
Interfacing biosystems with 2D materials by developing 2D-enabled biosensing devices and systems provides significant opportunities for interrogating the life activities and biological/physiological properties (pH, electrostatic potential, structure & function, concentration, etc.) of biosystems with unprecedented sensitivity, spatiotemporal resolution, and efficiency in power, size, cost, and time.
Translation of 2D-Based Biosensors
Device structures based on 2D materials can be translated into precise, point-of-use, portable (PPP) biosensing tools for healthcare, screening/diagnosis of diseases such as HIV and cancer, or even environmental monitoring. Another application of 2D-based devices/systems is implantable arrays of graphene microelectrodes for chronic monitoring of life activities/effects.
The Process Automation Laboratory at the University of Massachusetts Amherst focuses on development of general solutions that can cope with process uncertainty. Areas of concentration are Simulation Tuning, Fault Diagnosis and Manufacturing Automation. Among the products of this laboratory are the pattern classifying fault diagnostic method Multi-Valued Influence Matrix (MVIM) and the Structure-Based Connectionist Network (SBCN) for fault diagnosis of helicopter gearboxes. The MVIM method has been applied to tool breakage detection in turning (in collaboration with GE Corporate Research) as well as fault diagnosis of helicopter gearboxes (in collaboration with NASA Lewis and Sikorsky Aircraft). This laboratory has also contributed to manufacturing automation....Read More
"Supply Chain Management takes a holistic approach towards managing the flow of material and information throughout the supply network - including different tiers of suppliers, manufacturers, warehouses and stores - in order to maximize system-wide profits and create customer value."